The most popular experts put forward positive coun

2022-07-24
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Experts put forward positive countermeasures for China's paper industry after China's entry into WTO. Paper industry is the basic industry of China's national economy. In the past, China's paper market was mainly self-sufficient, and imported paper played a complementary role. However, in recent years, with the rapid development of publishing, book printing, commodity packaging and other industries, the paper consumption demand is strong, and the import volume is increasing. Compared with imported paper, the price performance ratio of Chinese paper products is at a disadvantage. Therefore, at present, China's paper industry has changed from self-sufficiency to import, and the import dependence has reached 20%, which is relatively rare in light industry. Now that China has joined the WTO, how to give full play to its own advantages during the transition period, improve the industrial level as soon as possible, improve the competitiveness of the international and domestic markets, and expand exports is an urgent problem for China's paper industry

it is reported that China is a major producer and consumer of paper products, and its output ranks third in the world. In 2000, China's paper and paperboard output reached 32million tons, and its consumption was close to 40million tons. At present, the domestic commodity market is generally in a surplus state. The paper industry is a rare industry in China where the growth of consumption is greater than that of production. Therefore, relevant experts predict that the paper industry will be a "sunrise industry" in China in the 21st century. At the same time, as a general competitive industry, with the deepening of reform and opening up, China's paper industry has basically been in line with the international market. Especially in recent years, the national import tariff on pulp and paper has been continuously lowered. In terms of absorbing foreign investment, except for a few special paper types such as banknote paper and stamp paper, the State encourages and supports EVA of other paper types modified by SEBS foaming material to have better dynamic viscoelastic properties (meeting ergonomic test requirements). In essence, the opening risk of China's paper market has been released to a certain extent, and will buffer the adjustment adaptability after China's entry into WTO

however, what cannot be ignored is that there is a big gap between China's paper industry and the international advanced level. Most of the paper enterprises have backward technology and equipment, small market scale, many grass raw materials, and low product grade, production efficiency and labor productivity. There are only 600 kinds of paper products in China, of which 50% are medium and low-grade products, while developed countries have more than 1000 medium and high-grade products; The water consumption per ton of paper is 200 tons in China and only 20 tons in developed countries, because the imported products are mainly high-grade products with wood pulp as raw materials. It is reported that at present, the tax rate of paper type with the largest import volume in China is 12% to 15%, and its import volume has a significant increase every year. After China's entry into WTO, lowering the tax rate is bound to lower the price of imported paper, which will have a more serious impact on domestic manufacturers of similar products. Therefore, experts in the industry put forward positive countermeasures for China's paper industry after China's entry into WTO

first of all, we should expand the scale of enterprises and speed up the introduction of large-scale foreign advanced technology and equipment. Relevant experts pointed out that we advocate the localization of technical equipment, but before this goal is achieved, we should actively introduce advanced equipment. Just as civil aviation cannot wait until it can produce large passenger aircraft before opening international flights, the paper industry cannot wait until it can develop and manufacture large-scale advanced equipment before engaging in modernization, which requires the formation of a peak period of investment industry and scientific research after China's entry into the WTO, so as to improve the level of technical equipment. Liaoyang paper machine factory and Xi'an paper machine factory have improved their technical level through cooperation with foreign companies, and their product prices are also cheaper than those abroad. On the other hand, it is also the trend of international development to select domestic advantageous enterprises as the main body, establish large enterprise groups through mergers and acquisitions, improve the concentration and professional cooperation level of the industry, and engage in cross regional and cross provincial alliances

secondly, efforts should be made to attract investment. According to the development plan of China's paper industry, the investment required in the next 15 years will be 600billion to 700billion yuan, with an average annual investment of 40billion to 50billion yuan. The paper industry is a capital and technology intensive industry. According to the experience in recent years, a new construction, expansion and technological transformation project with a certain scale cannot be completed without 1billion, 2billion or even tens of billions. After China's accession to the WTO, the state will further relax the restrictions on the introduction of foreign capital. The huge potential of the domestic paper consumption market will also attract more foreign capital to set up factories in China. In recent years, many international paper groups have successively set up factories in China, such as Indonesia's golden light group (APP), Korea's Hansong, Sweden's stora, Finland's UPM Asia Pacific Resources, and have successively built a number of large paper mills with equipment up to the world's advanced level in China. These enterprises have brought advanced technology and management, produced high-quality and high-grade products, and met the needs of the domestic market, It has greatly promoted the modernization of China's paper industry. At the same time, the establishment of these enterprises can also increase national taxes, increase employment opportunities, and drive the development of many related industries

third, we should speed up the process of product diversification. Some experts believe that due to China's lack of advantages in capital, technology and resources, enterprises are generally small in scale, with single products and mostly large-scale goods, so it is difficult to compete with large enterprises. After China's entry into WTO, some paper production enterprises can develop their strengths and circumvent their weaknesses, adjust their product structure, and develop new technologies and products that meet the multi-level needs at home and abroad according to the specific characteristics of different markets. At the same time, we should make full use of the advantages of small production scale and small ships, and seek living space. It is reported that a paper mill with an annual output of only 30000 tons in Taiwan has more than a dozen paper machines and has its own research institute, which can develop several new varieties every year. Thanks to the multi variety operation, the factory has a relatively rich profit every year. A small enterprise in the United States specializing in the production of shoe paperboard 4 and the regular inspection of the screws at the jaw. Although the market capacity is small, because it uses waste materials to produce special varieties, large enterprises disdain to compete with it for the market and have a good market. Experts remind paper enterprises that no matter what kind of products they produce, the key is to strengthen market research and technological innovation, and strive to develop more high value-added products and export products

fourth, it is suggested to adjust the structure of papermaking raw materials. Due to the unreasonable structure of papermaking raw materials in China for a long time, in order to effectively change the situation of papermaking industry, we must first solve the problem of papermaking raw materials. We should focus on wood raw materials, vigorously develop wood pulp and paper, and take the development path of combining forest and paper. This is also the successful experience of the development of the world's paper industry. Experts suggested that the paper industry should be included in the category of national basic industries and given key support

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